Learning Innovation and Ethics In The Artificial Intelligence Age

  • Lim Hui Ling Independent scholar, Singapore


For 3rd National and International Buddhist Conference at MCU Chiang Mai Campus

Introduction to Artificial Intelligence (AI)

What is AI? AI, in simple terms, is basically mathematics translated into source code. In other words, it is a set of algorithms[1] building on various ideas and concepts, and trying to learn from human intelligence to make decision. It is building capable smart machines to perform tasks that usually require human intelligence. Since it does not require expensive computer hardware and IT infrastructure, it has become the most popular digital technology enabling digital transformation.


[1] AI refers to pieces of software with the ability to lean and reason like humans, and able to translate real-life problems into mathematical models called algorithms.


Ackerman, Evan and Kozoil, Michael. 2019. The blood is here: Zipline’s medical delivery drones are changing the game in Rwanda. IEEE Spectrum 56. 5: 24-31. Retrieved from https://www.itu.int/en/myitu/News/2020/04/24/13/44/How-medical-delivery-drones-are-improving-lives-in-Rwanda
AMA Marketing News. 2018. The Murky Ethics of Data Gathering in a Post-Cambridge Analytica World. Retrieved from https://medium.com/ama-marketing-news/the-murky-ethics-of-data-gathering-in-a-post-cambridge-analytica-world-33848084bc4a
ASEAN. 2021. Final Review of ASEAN ICT Masterplan 2020. Retrieved from https://asean.org/?static_post=asean-ict-masterplan-2020
Barker, Arya. 2018. Zipline's Drones Are Saving Lives. Time. Retrieved from https://time.com/longform/ziplines-drones-are-saving-lives/
Blackpeak Group. 2019. AI Ambitions: Challenges to Innovation as the US and China Drive Global Tech. Retrieved from https://www.blackpeakgroup.com/2019/03/ai-ambitions-challenges-to-innovation-as-the-us-and-china-drive-global-tech/
China Institute for Science and Technology Policy at Tsinghua University. 2018. China AI Development Report in 2018. Retrieved from http://www.sppm.tsinghua.edu.cn/eWebEditor/UploadFile/China_AI_development_report_2018.pdf
Davenport, Thomas H. 2018. The AI Advantage: How to Put the Artificial Intelligence Revolution to Work. Cambridge: The MIT Press.
DBS Singapore. 2021. How to start investing with a robo-advisor. Retrieved from https://www.dbs.com.sg/personal/articles/nav/investing/roboadvisor
DeepMind. AlphaGo. Retrieved from https://deepmind.com/research/case-studies/alphago-the-story-so-far
Facebook AI. Retrieved from https://ai.facebook.com/
Facebook Research. Advancing the field of machine intelligence. Retrieved from https://research.fb.com/category/facebook-ai-research-/
Fan, Angela. 2020. Introducing the first AI model that translates 100 languages without relying on English. Facebook. Retrieved from https://about.fb.com/news/2020/10/first-multilingual-machine-translation-model/
Federal Register. 2019. Maintaining American Leadership in Artificial Intelligence. Retrieved fromhttps://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2019/02/14/2019-02544/ maintaining-american-leadership-in-artificial-intelligence
Future of Life Institute. AI Policy - China. Retrieved from https://futureoflife.org/ai-policy-china/
Future of Life Institute. AI Policy - Singapore. Retrieved from https://futureoflife.org/ai-policy-singapore/
Jenik, Claire. 2020. A minute on the Internet in 2020. Retrieved from https://www.statista.com/chart/17518/data-created-in-an-internet-minute/
Mar, Tim. 2018. Cambridge Analytica Scandal Raises New Ethical Questions About Microtargeting. https://www.npr.org/2018/03/22/596180048/cambridge-analytica-scandal-raises-new-ethical-questions-about-microtargeting
Marr, Bernard. 2016. Big Data in Practice: How 45 successful companies used Big Data Analytics to deliver extraordinary results. Chichester: John Wiley and Sons Ltd.
Michelman, Paul, ed. 2020. How AI is transforming the organization. MIT Sloan Management Review. Cambridge: The MIT Press.
MINECOFIN. Rwandans encouraged to save for a better future. Retrieved from https://www.minecofin.gov.rw/news-detail/rwandans-encouraged-to-save-for-a-better-future
Mirhoseini, Azalia, et al. 2021. A graph placement methodology for fast chip design. Nature 594, 207-212. Retrieved from https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-021-03544-w
National Information Security Standardization Technical Committee. 全国信息安全标准化技术委员会. Retrieved from https://www.tc260.org.cn/
National Research Foundation. AI Singapore. Retrieved from https://www.nrf.gov.sg/programmes /artificial-intelligence-r-d-programme
Samuel, Sigal. 2020. Robot priests can bless you, advise you, and even perform your funeral. Vox. Retrieved from https://www.vox.com/future-perfect/2019/9/9/20851753/ai-religion-robot-priest-mindar-buddhism-christianity
Silver, David, et al. 2017. Mastering the game of Go without human knowledge. Nature 550, 354-359. Retrieved from https://www.nature.com/articles/nature24270
Smart Nation Singapore. National Artificial Intelligence Strategy. Retrieved from https://www.smart nation.gov.sg/why-Smart-Nation/NationalAIStrategy
Tan, Jason. 2020. The Rise of the Digital Economy and How Education may be transformed. CNA Commentary. Retrieved from https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/commentary/ education-technology-fourth-industrial-revolution-digital-econom-12309010
Tham, Irene. 2019. The age of artificial intelligence: Staff planning to quit? System in Singapore can tell. The Straits Times Tech. Retrieved from https://www.straitstimes.com/ tech/staff-planning-to-quit-system-can-tell
Tseng, Cherie. 2020. Forget digital banks – many still prefer the trip to the branch. CNA Commentary. Retrieved from https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/commentary/ singapore-digital-banking-customers-licences-dbs-ocbc-grab-ant-13782300
The HEAD Foundation. 2017. ICT in ASEAN Education: Challenges and New Opportunities. Policy Brief No.2. Retrieved from https://headfoundation.org/wpcontent /uploads/2020/11 /THF-Policy-Brief-No-2.pdf
Wikipedia. Facebook–Cambridge Analytica data scandal. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Facebook%E2%80%93Cambridge_Analytica_data_scandal
Wikipedia. History of artificial intelligence. IEEE Spectrum. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/History_of_artificial_intelligence
How to Cite
Ling, L. H. (2022). Learning Innovation and Ethics In The Artificial Intelligence Age. Buddhism and Social Responsibility in the New Normal (BUSRIN) (Lanna Journal of Buddhist Studies and Cultures), 3(1). Retrieved from https://firstojs.com/index.php/LJBSC/article/view/1022